Things To Know About Tetanus
Tetanus is caused by the poison tetanospasmin which is stored in the Clostiridium tetani bacterium.
The bacteria enter the body through infected wounds, a puncture, even via the baby’s umbilical cord snipped at birth with a non-sterilized instrument.
The first sign of the disease which shows 2-14 days or several months later is lockjaw or spasm of the jaw muscles. Other early symptoms: fever, sweating, elevated blood pressure, and rapid heart rate. Spasms often occur, which may last for several minutes and continue for 3-4 weeks. Complete recovery, if it occurs, may take months.
Reports have it people have been infected following surgery, burns, lacerations, abrasions, crush wounds, ear infections, dental infections, animal bites, abortion, pregnancy, body piercing and tattooing, and injection drug dose.
There is no cure for tetanus once the symptoms progress— medical intervention is aimed at supportive treatment and management of complications. The best treatment is still prevention via immunization.