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Smoking Habits in Girls of Pakistan
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Female / Women / Girls Tobacco Habits in Pakistan
Gender differences are apparent in the way men and women are affected by tobacco and influenced by tobacco messaging. Some studies have indicated the following results:
Girls and women are more likely to fear weight gain than boys, and to initiate and continue smoking for weight control.
Women gain more weight after quitting than men.
Women and girls tend to smoke as a “buffer” against negative feelings, while men smoke more from habit or to enhance positive sensations.
Low-income mothers in Western countries used smoking as a “time out” from the demands of caring for young children.
Some females in the Philippines expressed emotional dependence on tobacco in the midst of life difficulties, while young urban Vietnamese women said they might start smoking if they become “very unhappy”.
Female addiction may be reinforced more by the sensory and social context of smoking, rather than by nicotine, suggesting that patches may not be so effective an aid.
Women quit less easily than men due to their different responses to nicotine as well as a lack of social support, fear of weight gain, depression and hormones.
Relapse rates in women are higher, and it may take a number of attempts before the achieve success.
The Impact on Health
When it comes to health, tobacco poses specific threats for men and women. Men risk declines in fertility and sexual potency, and female smokers risk increased cardiovascular disease, in particular while using oral contraceptives, and higher rates of infertility, premature labor, low birth weight infants, cervical cancer, early menopause, and bone fractures.
Smoking during pregnancy adversely affects fetal development. Female non-smokers are more likely to be exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, which elevates the risks of lung cancer and heart disease.
Diseases that are more prevalent or manifest differently in women include cardiovascular disease,
substance abuse and addiction, and lung diseases such as cancer and asthma.
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