Altaf Hussain Azadi Song Dance video October 2017
Mr Hussain lives in self-imposed exile in London, and has run his party from a nondescript office block in the northern suburb of Edgware since 1992. He addresses mass rallies in the southern city of Karachi by a conference telephone connected to loudspeakers.
The Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) mostly comprises – and is supported by – the descendants of Muslim Urdu-speaking people known as Mohajirs who migrated to Pakistan from India around the time of the partition of India in 1947.
Admirers on the internet refer to him as a “tireless and fearless campaigner against feudalism” who champions “the rights for the middle class and the downtrodden poor”. His online critics, however, have accused him of being the leader of a “terrorist organisation and a land grabber” who is responsible for much of the ubiquitous violence and corruption that in recent years has blighted his stronghold in Karachi.